Nouns and gender in Russian language

1.There are three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. They can be told apart by their ending.

MasculineFeminineNeuter
Consonant: друг, пеналА: мама, дачаО: окно, письмо
Й: музей, санаторийЯ: семья, тëтяЕ: море, горе
Ь: портфель, учительЬ: дверь, тетрадьМЯ: время, семя



2. Some masculine nouns referred to people end in –A or –Я are declined like feminine nouns, but adjectives and pronouns referred to them are masculine. This is equally applied to Russian masculine names and their diminutive forms.

ExampleTranslation
дедушкаgrandfather
дядяuncle
Саша (Александр)Sasha (diminutive form from Alexander)



3. Nouns that end in –ь can be both masculine and feminine. They must be looked up in the dictionary. 

Masculine wordsTranslationFeminine wordsTranslation
словарьdictionaryдочьdaughter
КремльKremlinосеньautumnдождьrainсольsalt



4. Certain nouns have no feminine form. They usually denote a profession.

ExampleTranslation
инженерengineer
адвокатlawyer
врачdoctor



5. The word коллега сan be masculine or feminine.

ExampleTranslation
Это мой коллега Иван Петров.This is my colleague Ivan Petrov.
Это моя коллега Светлана Николаева.This is my colleague Svetlana Nikolaeva.



6. There are some invariable nouns, most of them are nouns of foreign origin. They are usually neuter.

ExampleTranslation
метроmetro
киноcinema
пальтоcoat
таксиtaxi



7. The word кофе can be both masculine and neuter.

ExampleTranslation
Чëрный кофе: мужской родBlack coffee: masculine
Крепкое кофе: средний родStrong coffee: neuter



8. The gender of invariable proper nouns (geographical names, newspaper and magazine titles, etc.) corresponds to the gender of the noun denoting the category they belong to.

ExampleTranslation
Красивый Сочи: Сочи - город, слово «город» мужского рода.Beautiful Sochi: Sochi is a city, the word “city” is masculine in Russian.
Длинная По: По-река, слово «река» женского рода.Long Po: Po is a river, the word “river” is feminine in Russian.



9. Make these quizzes online:
1. Quiz 1: http://www.divshare.com/direct/13398883-dac.htm
2. Quiz 2: http://www.divshare.com/direct/13398866-313.htm
3. Quiz 3: http://www.divshare.com/direct/13398867-403.htm

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