Source: RIA Novosti
June 29, the Investigation Committee of Russia announced that work on the case of the riots on the Manezh Square remains incomplete, despite assurances provided by the lawyers of certain individuals accused of organizing the December 11, 2010 mass riots. However, it is, indeed, at the final procedural stage. And the two main defendants, Igor Berezyuk and Ilya Kubrakov, are already becoming familiar with the case. The case of the death of football fan Yegor Sviridov, whose death became the official reason for public outrage, is also being prepared for court hearings. Xenophobia, meanwhile, has become a relevant topic in the sports field after the recent scandal involving one of the players of the Anzhi club, Roberto Carlos.
Recently, during a Premier League game in Samara, a banana was thrown at a dark-skinned player. Roberto Carlos left the stadium in tears. All the football players, playing in that match found the banana throwing to be offensive and extremist – especially considering the fact that the player had become the object of racist attacks a number of times.
The shockingly high level of extremism at stadiums has attracted the attention of all global news agencies, which showed details of the unpleasant episode. And only then did the problem attract the attention of the State Duma deputies. After all, in seven years’ time, in 2018, Russia will host the FIFA World Cup. Meanwhile, the country may be stripped of this right due to these types of scandalous actions, especially considering that there will be those in global football circles who will want to do that.
The nationalists’ outrageous behavior at the stadiums threatens both the security of sporting events and the country’s global image – which is already not the best.
Deputy Valery Draganov, former vice president of the Russian Football Union, suggested tightening control over football matches through legislation. He put forward the idea of declaring football fields “zones of increased risk”, and believes it is necessary to equip sporting arenas with video cameras, which will not only record the players on the field but also fans in the stands and within the stadium facilities.
The deputy’s ideas are criticized in the Sova Center for Information and Analysis, which deals with problems of extremism. Control and video cameras are already present at sporting arenas. But practice shows that these measures are ineffective, especially because, until recently, the fight against racist behavior during football games was formal. “Law enforcers were mostly concerned that fans did not throw chairs at one-another. That’s all,” says Sova expert Vera Alperovich.
The expert notes that today football clubs are imposing fines on fans for displays of xenophobia: “Before the selection of the country to host the World Cup, the Russian Football Union had adopted the rather strict rule. But that was done in order to show that we are, allegedly, addressing these problems.”
However, the expert draws attention to the originality of the struggle against football fans’ extremism: “When in the summer of last year, Spartak fan Yury Volkov was killed, fans held major protests. But that was the time the election for the right to host the World Cup was ongoing, and groups of fans had very actively expelled those instigators who wanted to turn Volkov’s death into a politically-motivated act from the stands.”
Vice president of the Center for Political Technologies, Aleksey Makarkin, believes football fans are a political problem: “Extremism at the stadiums is one of the most challenging aspects of general extremism in the country. If xenophobic sentiments rise in the country, it will be reflected in sports.”
He is confident that legislative measures against extremism in sporting arenas are one of the components of a comprehensive fight against the problem: “We need to conduct preventative measures, including with the fans themselves. But we also need to be engaged in a struggle against xenophobia in general.” At the same time, the expert acknowledges that these efforts could simply alleviate the problem, but not eliminate it altogether.
Member of the Public Chamber, Oleg Zykov, agrees: “It is not a question of legislative documents, but a mental revolution.” In his opinion, “today, we are observing sporadic activity caused by some resonant incidents.” Nezavisimaya Gazeta’s interlocutor considers incidents occurring at football stadiums to be a private manifestation of national problems: “It is impossible to overcome inter-ethnic conflicts, while fighting against xenophobia at football stadiums alone.”
Meanwhile, the situation is not unique to Russia. About 20 years ago, fans in Great Britain were getting out of control. As a result, the great English football began to suffer. Authorities struggled against the fans’ extremism. Not against all of the fans, but against individuals. They were all identified, and it turned out that there were no more than 500 of these people in the entire country.
Now, their photos are displayed at every stadium, and they are not allowed to enter. Neither do they have the right to leave the country for international matches. Our police ought to learn by this example, and not put pressure on all football fans indiscriminately, but identify extremists, even if they do so with the help of video cameras and fans, who value their favorite team more than ethnic preferences.
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