Is a military coup possible in India?



It seems like quite an unusual scandal broke out in India. On Wednesday, the Indian Express newspaper published a large article, reporting that in the night from 16 to 17 of January a motorized infantry battalion, stationed in the state of Haryana, and several units of the 50th airborne brigade, stationed in Agra, moved in the direction of Delhi. According to the information of the newspaper, this march had not been coordinated with the Ministry of Defence, and the government was “spooked”. Then an alarm was supposedly announced, and the units were ordered to return to the places of their permanent stationing.


The newspaper was careful to avoid the word "coup d'état", only saying that it was a violation of the normal connections between the army commanders and the civil government represented by the Ministry of Defence. But immediately after the publication there appeared numerous comments actively discussing the theme of the military coup. And all this despite the fact that the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, as well as the Defence Minister A. K. Antony, and the chief of the army headquarters General Vijay Kumar Singh completely dismissed the information of the newspaper as "groundless“. "This is absolute nonsense, - General Singh said. People spreading these rumours are trying to blacken the government and the army, and they must be called to account. "


An expert of the Russian Institute of Strategic Research Boris Volkhonsky notes that in the information of the Indian newspaper one fact is unusual: during the 65 years of the independence of India, the army stayed absolutely out of politics, and India by right was proud of its title of the world's largest democracy, in contrast, for example, to the neighboring Pakistan.


"There are no prerequisites for the military coup today. Yes, in recent months General V. K. Singh conflicted with his civilian leaders from the Ministry of Defense. His period of office as the chief of staff is coming to an end in accordance with the age limit, and his attempts to prove that he is a year younger than he really is, ended in a scandal.”


According to the expert, many people in India are not satisfied with the present government. But none of the political forces will support a military coup. This is true for the "system opposition" represented by the Bharatiya Janata Party, and for the "third front" that consists of a number of regional parties, as well as for various social movements. As for the army, it won’t ally itself with the Maoist gunmen (Naxalites). So the rumors about a possible coup d'etat are exaggerated, to put it mildly.


But, as the saying goes, there is no smoke without a fire. It is not just a conflict between the chief of staff and the Ministry of Defence. We can talk about a broader set of problems, continues Boris Volkhonsky:


"Today India is going through a difficult period. The last year’s broad anti-corruption campaign and the deplorable results of the party in power at the regional elections of 2011-2012 tell us that the position of the central government is considerably weakened, and at the best it can hold out until the next elections, which are planned for 2014. But the alternative of early elections is not excluded.”


In addition - and this was revealed in the course of scandals associated with the name of General Singh - India is facing a significant dilemma now: how to combine its claim for regional leadership with the necessity to live within its means as the growth rate of the economy is slowing down, and the exchange rate of the national currency is falling. India is the world's largest importer of weapons and that reflects its geopolitical ambitions. And at the same time, in his recent letter to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh General V. K. Singh describes the deplorable state of the Indian army.

Situations like the personal conflict of the General with the Ministry or the events of the night from 16 to 17 of January, are not some accidental episodes, but a reflection of a system crisis, that has struck India and its armed forces, the Russian expert concludes.

First published in The Voice of Russia

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