According to survey, up to 60 percent of Russian men and 22 percent of women smoke, and the 85 percent of them began smoking before they turned 20. Source: PhotoXPress
It has been 11 years since the Russian authorities passed a law limiting smoking, four years since Russia ratified the anti-tobacco convention of the World Health Organization, and two years since Vladimir Putin signed the Governmental Concept for Restriction of Tobacco Consumption. Nevertheless, according to Dmitry Yanin, the head of the international Confederation of Consumer, Russia remains one of the heaviest smoking countries in the world. According to Yanin’s data, up to 60 percent of Russian men and 22 percent of women smoke, and the 85 percent of them began smoking before they turned 20.
“Russia is the second largest tobacco market after China, even despite the huge difference in their populations,” Yanin said. “So it’s no wonder that manufacturers so forcefully attack the new draft bill on tobacco consumption developed by the Ministry of Health.”
The draft bill is not really new: a year ago the document was put up for discussion at the official site of the agency, which was then called the Ministry of Public Health and Social Development. On May 20, 2012 the head of the newly formed Ministry of Health submitted the draft law to the government, but two days later the document was sent back for further development at the insistence of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Agriculture. These agencies believe that strict bans will have an adverse effect on tobacco manufacturers. Representatives of major market players, including Philip Morris and British American Tobacco, have expressed concern about owners of small-scale retail outlets who could be banned from cigarette trade by the new law. There are about one million such outlets in Russia.
Supporters of stricter anti-tobacco bans, such as Alexander Osipov, the vice president of Business Russia and a member of a governmental expert council, see the influence of tobacco lobbyists in the opposition to the draft bill. “All in all, Russian business will only benefit from these bans,” Osipov said. “An average smoking worker takes a total of about a month worth of smoke breaks during a year. And before succumbing to the effects of smoking, he or she takes a lot of sick leaves – and their treatment is partly covered at the expense of their employers as well.”
Restricting smoking with the intention of eventually creating a total ban on the practice is a global trend, say the supporters of the initiative of the Ministry of Health, citing examples in Europe and the United States. Health Minister Veronika Skvortsova says that the Russian measures will once again be submitted for the consideration to the Government on Oct. 17, and if successful, will be submitted to the State Duma.
Sergei Chikonkin, chauffeur
Smokes two packs of cigarettes a day
If they discriminate smokers heavily, there is going to be an upheaval. I’d go to the streets to show my protest if I have to. Even though I don’t support than kind of actions.
Sergei Kozyrenov, courier
Smokes one and a half packs a day
I don’t feel any significant impairment of my rights, people are smoking everywhere. The only problem is that cigarettes get more expensive, but other than that, it’s fine. To be honest, I’d actually want them to limit the rights of smokers a bit. I’d be glad to give it up, but I can’t because my work is very stressful.
Tatiana Starostina, translator/teacher
Smokes one to one and a half packs a day
I do feel than my rights are impaired. First of all this is because of the ban on smoking in public places, for example in cafés.
Valery Shkinin, pensioner
Smokes one cigarette a day.
Russians are the most spoiled smokers. Only Chinese smokers are probably more spoiled. In Russia, you can smoke anywhere and disregard everyone. It’s a bad thing. I can easily understand non-smokers when they get angry. I make it a point to not smoke in public areas. But the state cannot regulate the relations between smokers and non-smokers. It is a matter of a personal culture. It your smoke troubles someone, just move aside.
First published in Russian in Moskovskie Novosti newspaper.
All rights reserved by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
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