The Arktika nuclear-powered icebreaker among ice and snow.Semyon Maisterman/TASS
The Arktika Soviet nuclear icebreaker left Murmansk on Aug. 9, 1977 and headed for Novaya Zemlya.
On Aug. 17 the vessel, breaking heavy ice cover, became the first surface ship to reach the North Pole in the history of navigation. The crew celebrated the event by raising the USSR national flag on a steel mast erected on the ice.
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