All you need to know about Russian visas

A smooth and carefree visit to Russia depends on doing your homework: Conquer visas, registration and other bureaucratic hurdles with our special guide.

A smooth and carefree visit to Russia depends on doing your homework: Conquer visas, registration and other bureaucratic hurdles with our special guide.

Alena Repkina
Foreign travellers are often hesitant about visiting Russia because of its stringent visa norms. We distil all the requirements and provide you a clear picture of what is needed for a hassle-free Russia visa experience.

Visitors from many Latin American countries can breathe easy. It is likely that they will not even need a visa to visit Russia. Just make sure and check the Russian Embassy or Consulate website in that country. Visitors will get all the information they require from the websites, including mandatory procedures and documents needed for the application process.

There are various kinds of tourist visas available:

Single-entry (one arrival, one departure, with the total duration of your stay up to 30 days)

Double-entry (two arrivals, two departures, with the total duration of your stay up to 30 days)

Multiple-entry (unlimited arrivals and departures, with the total duration of your stay up to 90 days within a 180-day period)

Illustration: Alena Repkina

To avail of these, the basic set of documents one needs to provide a Russian consulate or Embassy are:


Ensure there are at least two blank pages in the passport for visas and the passport has at least six months validity after the visa expires. 

Completed application form

Download the visa application form on the Russian Embassy website for your country. Fill the form fully and correctly, including the general information required about yourself and your planned visit to Russia.

Tip: In some countries you may be required to give details of all your trips abroad over the past 10 years. This is especially true at British and American visa centres, so ensure to prepare a comprehensive list of countries and dates.

One colour photo 3.5 x 4.5 cm

The picture must be clear and sharp, against a light background and the applicant must not be wearing any headdress or sunglasses.

Visa application fee
The exact fee depends on the country where you apply, visa type and urgency.

Tip: Fees are not refunded if the application is denied, so try to avoid mistakes and bring all necessary documents at the same time.

Voucher and confirmation of accommodation by a certified tourist organization
This does not imply that you cannot plan your own trip.

Tip: All you need is to purchase a voucher from a private tour agency or have your hotel issue one. To do so, a company must be accredited by the Federal Migration Service and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, so it is better to choose a reliable source. After providing passport details, pay the service fee and receive a confirmation from a hotel, you are all set. Make sure the company's registry number and its stamp are on the voucher.

Another option is to book a room at a hotel and send them a letter with a request for "visa support documents." It is common practice to charge the cost of a night's stay for a confirmation voucher. However, after you have been granted a visa, you can cancel the booking and stay somewhere else. Please note that visa centres sometimes verify whether you have actually checked into a hotel after the fact and they can cancel your visa if you haven't, which can lead to serious problems. So it is probably not worth the risk.


The coverage amount must be at least 30,000 euro.

Tip: Your insurance must be valid throughout the entire territory of the Russian Federation, which stretches across Europe and Asia, so do not choose "Europe" only, even if you are not planning a trip beyond the Ural Mountains. The best choices are "Europe including Russia" or "Worldwide."

Migration card

Congratulations, you've made it to Russia! You will be asked to fill out a migration card at the border.

Tip: Make sure you depart from the country on the exact date that you indicated on your migration card, even if your visa is valid for a longer period.

Visa registration
The only step that remains is to register your visa and we strongly recommend taking care of this as soon as possible after arrival. Not getting registered on time could be discovered at the passport control desk on the day of your departure and could pose a problem for future visa applications.

Tip: Your visa registration deadline depends on the choice of accommodation.

Illustration: Alena Repkina

If you stay at a hotel, the management, in theory, will automatically register you within 24 hours after arrival. While this is the case most of the time, be persistent if a hotel administrator comes up with an excuse for why it can’t be done immediately. Also, while all hotels should register foreigners, some do not, so confirm in advance.

If you choose private-sector accommodations you have seven days to register your visa. You can ask your landlord to register you at the local Federal Migration Service department or the post office.

By law, you are required to renew your registration every time you change locations and slacking on this could result in a fine of 2000–5000 rubles ($30-75). Registration checks are quite common on the subway, at railway stations and on suburban trains.

Requirements may vary depending on the country from where you apply for the Russian visa. U.S. visa centres sometimes request additional documents, such as your bank account statement, a letter from your employer or a certificate about the makeup of your family. On the other hand, you can also apply for a three-year multiple-entry visa on the spot. UK nationals have to submit their fingerprints. The Chinese are required to show their plane tickets, while the French have to come up with a detailed plan of their journey if they intend to visit Russian towns off the typical tourist trail. Indonesians are issued visas at the airport, whereas the Thai do not even need one for visits of up to 30 days.

It is highly advisable that you verify all information at your visa centre. But do not let the complexities scare you. The first days of your Russian vacation will compensate for all the bureaucratic hurdles you’ve encountered along the way.

All rights reserved by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

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