Located in a former lamp factory in Moscow, Archpole produces chairs, tables and dressers to reach a middle-class clientele. Source: Ilya Nodiya
It started with some tinkering in the kitchen with a saw and bits of wood. Konstantin Lagutin and Anna Sazhinova, two young architects, had just completed their studies in 2008 and were making a modest living doing interior design in Moscow, but quickly realized that no one was able to build them what they wanted.
They kept running into the same objections from the furniture manufacturers they approached with ideas, that these were too complicated, or the orders were too small or too few. So instead they rolled up their sleeves and sawed, drilled and hammered their innovations into reality themselves.
"Russia is a country full of imperfections," Lagutin says. "If you want to do something decent then you have to do it yourself.” The next realization, though, was that one-off contracts weren’t going to get them far, and they’d have to consider mass production. So they expanded.
Today they work with a team of 30 people in their own furniture workshop called Archpole. Located in a former lamp factory in Moscow, Archpole produces chairs (sold for about $80), tables, dressers and couches (the most expensive going for $1,300) and targets a middle-class clientele that values the aesthetics and quality of its environs - which is an increasing segment of the Russian population today, Lagutin notes. Demand grew even more when people saw that the company’s products are more than competitive when compared by price to European designer furniture.
The two designers don’t see themselves as lone crusaders but rather as part of a new wave that is gaining traction in Russia and across a spectrum of areas and products.
"When I started in 2011, there were perhaps a dozen names that people knew," says Ksenia Nunis, the co-founder of Depstore, a designer goods outlet in Moscow’s fashionable Tsvetnoy Central Market department store. Today there is a far greater selection and big chains have also shown interest as they seek to reduce logistical costs, she says.
"This is a healthy trend because only those who can handle the pressure of retailers, large sales and manage their own production needs will last on the market. Now is the ideal time to start your own brand," states Nunis.
When she started her business as an online shop, one goal was to make Russian designers known, while another was to erase the barrier between Western and Russian products.
"It was clear that people had reservations about ‘Made in Russia’ products, mainly because of concern about low quality," says the businesswoman.
However, although Russian goods make up about 80 percent of her inventory, Nunis also makes a point to stock well-known foreign brands. The reason: Although retailers recognize the quality of small suppliers products, the continue to complain that they are unprofessional in their marketing and often don’t even know what wholesale prices are. Stocking foreign brands is the only way Russian producers will seriously consider how to offer good quality at reasonable prices, Nunis says.
The idea behind the company Fuga-Russia was to revive the tradition of manufacturers that lay dormant since the Soviet era - while making them profitable, of course. Source: Press Photo
However, the same cannot be said for the company Fuga-Russia, who combined good business acumen with a quality range of oak-made kitchen accessories to secure its place on the shelves of the Globus Gourmet supermarket chain.
Co-founder Jana Osmanova had successful previous careers in investment and PR in Moscow but found herself wanting something more. "I was born here, and I am not indifferent to what happens around me," says the entrepreneur. One idea was to revive the tradition of manufacturers that lay dormant since the Soviet era - while making them profitable, of course.
So Osmanova started making oak cutting boards in early 2015. Since Russia is rich in wood and Osmanova knows how to keep a tight rein on spending, the initial plan seemed sound. Apart for the perennial problem facing small new ventures: "Like many founders of businesses we had the problem that existing manufacturers don’t want to implement our ideas. But nor did we want to resort to some soulless mass production in China," Osmanova says.
So like the architects Lagutin and Sazhinova, she and her partners decided to set up their own workshop, and today the Fuga-Russia team consists of 15 people. "It was a conscious decision to produce in Russia, even if it is more difficult," she says. Despite the current recession and the decreased spending power of the population, business so far is following her original vision. After half a year on the market and by selling the cutting boards for $25-35, the company is already turning a profit.
While some of the new wave of small manufacturers have some kind of entrepreneurial experience under their belt, more started out from scratch with only a very basic business plan, and in some cases, not even that.
Since 2009, Vladimir Grigoriev has run a footwear company called Afour in St. Petersburg. Today it makes 20 pairs of designer shoes and boots as day from three rooms Grigoriev rents in a unused Soviet shoe factory on the edge of the city center. But everything started from a notion to make a few original models for himself.
"A friend’s mother worked as a shoe designer and helped me get going," said Grigoriev, whose job as a graphic designer inspired him to offer original, customizable styles and colors.
Grigoriev hired a shoemaker to come to his workshop once a week to assemble his own designs for his friends, and then their friends in turn. Social network websites and promotion came next, and then an online store where customers could create their own designs, from burgundy brogues to yellow-black winter boots.
"Some of our clients still think we import our shoes from England," laughs Andrei, who manages Afour’s orders. So to avoid any confusion, some styles now bear a tiny Russian flag. "We're proud that we produce locally, but we don’t use this as an additional selling point," he adds.
Growth is good so far, with Afour doubling its output each year since it began, but the biggest leap to being a truly Russian business is yet to come. “At some point we will buy all our raw materials in Russia," predicts Andrei. For now, though, almost everything is surplus bought from European manufacturers.
The same 100-percent-Russian vision also spurs on the founders of Archpole in Moscow as they now look to expand. The financial year went so well that the two architects bought an old farm in the countryside so they can relocate production from the city and theoretically have room for exponential growth as they launch new furniture ranges. "If we really want to make an impact then we need large-scale production with thousands of employees instead of a few dozen," says Lagutin.
Then the trucks that bring all manner of other goods to Russia from abroad can one day be fully loaded with furniture on the drive back.
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