Top 5 Russian innovations at MAKS-2013

The MAKS-2013 international aviation and space show was held in the town of Zhukovsky near Moscow from August 27 to September 1. Source: Boris Egorov / RIR

The MAKS-2013 international aviation and space show was held in the town of Zhukovsky near Moscow from August 27 to September 1. Source: Boris Egorov / RIR

At the recently concluded MAKS-2013 international air and space show, several new innovative defence products were on display. RIR chose the 5 most promising items from the lot.

Night hunter radar system

Radio-Electronic Technologies exhibited the NO25E radar system, which has no equivalent in Russia and which will be installed in the Mi-28N ‘Night Hunter’ helicopter. The best quality of the new radar system is that the receiving array for the transmit/receive module is located above the helicopter’s rotor blades. On a combat mission and away from shelter this radar allows the ‘Night Hunter’ to remain undetected while at the same time providing the crew with all the necessary information with split second timing.

Source: Boris Egorov / RIR

The radar is able to detect objects and weather formations, which pose a threat in flight. The radar warns the crew about the threat and sends its coordinates to the on board radio-electronic equipment so that it can devise a safe route.

Tu-214R: One of the most secret aircrafts in Russia

The Tu-214R aircraft was revealed to the general public for the first time at the air show. This radio-electronic and optical-electronic intelligence aircraft was developed at the last decade and is based on the Tu-214 passenger aircraft. The first photographs of this aircraft though only appeared in the media in May 2012.

Source: Olga Sokolova

Plans are on to use this aircraft in the international ‘Open Skies’ programme in which participating states have the right to overfly one another’s territory to monitor military activity. Experts think that the Tu-214R should become an alternative to the Il-20M, which has been in service with the Russian Army for 40 years.

On the first day of MAKS-2013 Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoigu inspected the TU-214R personally. Earlier it was announced that the Ministry of Defence is not planning to purchase the reconnaissance aircraft because of claims relating to its technical characteristics. It is not yet known if the ministry’s position will change following Shoigu’s inspection of the aircraft.

Mobile aerostat systems

The Dolgoprudny Automation Design Bureau presented mobile aerostat systems with a volume of 60 square metres and 80 square metres. They are intended to monitor given geographical areas. Any cargo up to 15 kg in weight such as communication relay stations, analytical equipment, film cameras, and thermal imaging equipment depending on the requirement can be attached to them and lifted to an altitude of 300 metres. If necessary these aerostats can be used for military purposes.

Source: Boris Egorov / RIR

These systems can be loaded onto any vehicle with a payload of up to three tonnes and taken to any geographical location. Using mobile aerostat systems to examine forests for fire hazards or for prolonged monitoring of the condition of specific assets, works out much cheaper than using aircraft or helicopters.

The first prototype of the Ka-62

Russian Helicopters demonstrated the first prototype of the new multi-role Ka-62 helicopter to visitors. This helicopter is fitted with the latest avionics, while more than half the blades and the airframe are made from polymer composites. In the long term this helicopter can be made compatible with the European satellite navigation system Galileo – this is a European Union and European Space Agency project in which China, Israel, South Korea, Ukraine and Russia are participating.

Source: Boris Egorov / RIR

The Ka-62 is intended to carry 12-14 passengers in a cabin or a 2.5 tonne load on an external winch system. These helicopters can be used in the petrochemical industry or to carry out rescue operations.

It is expected that certification of the Ka-62 will be completed by the end of 2014, while the first batch of helicopters will be delivered to partners in 2015.

‘Vityaz’ (Knight) air-defence missile system

Almaz-Antey displayed the new S-350E medium range air defence missile system at the air show. The new generation system works in conjunction with all-aspect radar and a command post based in a BAZ (Bryansk Automobile Plant) vehicle. Armament comprises medium range missiles used in the S-400 air-defence missile system as well as short-range missiles.

Source: Olga Sokolova

In the long term the ‘Vityaz’ should replace the obsolete S-300 in particular and supplement Russia’s multi-layered missile and air defence system, of which the new S-400 and S-500 systems will also be a part.

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