The Shanghai Cooperation Organization Youth Innovation Forum was held in Ufa. Source: www.ufa2015.ru
Young researchers and science students came in large numbers for the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Youth Innovation Forum that was held in Ufa on October 8-10.
The city, which is the capital of resource-rich Bashkortostan, witnessed presentations on 83 projects from Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Grants of 250,000 roubles (more than $6,000) were awarded to the five best technologies developed, primarily, for the petroleum industry. The projects that were awarded grants are particularly relevant for Russia, which is focussing on import substitution in the oil industry.
Innovation against sanctions
The following projects were awarded grants: Obtaining oil sulfoxides, Developing electrohydraulic hardware for the hydrodynamic well logging of gas and oil reservoirs, purification of surface waters using biofilter cartridges, and a vortex gas pressure regulator.
Students from the Ufa State Petroleum Technical University developed a new way to delay the coking of heavy oil residues. The next generation technology makes it possible to produce oil coke and liquid distillates for motor fuels and intensify oil refining, doubling productivity. They also proposed cheap methods of utilizing drilling waste by using them for road construction, in addition to new methods of purifying soil contaminated with gas and oil through the help of petrooxidizing microorganisms.
Experts believe the breakthrough technology at the forum was the formation tester capable of determining the volume of oil in a well immediately upon drilling. Among the best innovations were ecologically safe materials that make it possible to increase oil recovery to recover reserves in the Volga region and Western Siberia.
In light of the embargo on the import of products from Europe and the necessity Russia has of increasing its own production, great interest was shown in agricultural technologies. Students at Bashkir State Agrarian University figured out how to dry grain using an SHF device (up to 300 kilos of grain at once) while still preserving all of its nutritional properties. And a formula based on entomopathogenic organisms was invented in Kazakhstan that can be used in the battle against the Colorado potato beetle.
Common database for SCO projects
Breakthrough medical projects were also presented at the forum, in particular, Microfluidic test-systems for studying proliferation properties of tumour cells, a biological pacemaker and a four-level stimulator. These were developments from the Bashkir State Medical University. The research centre at the university was founded during the time of the recent swine flu epidemic. It gives students the possibility to practice resuscitation on biological models, develop early intervention skills on animal tissues, and avoid the results of fatal mistakes when trying to save humans.
Such training centres will be introduced in another 82 medical educational institutions in Russia over the next several years. Scholars from Ufa, where a liver and heart have recently been successfully transplanted for the first time, are distinguished in the area of regenerative medicine. One of the leaders in national transplant science is the Bashkir scientist Ernst Muldashev’s Alloplant All-Russian Centre for Eye and Plastic Surgery. The centre produces 96 different types of grafts for 600 clinics in Russia. Transplant technologies for various kinds of operations were also presented at the forum.
The projects at the forum may be brought to life with the support of investors and preparations have already begun. Dmitry Gorbunov, Chairman of the Committee for Innovation and Venture Financing of the Moscow Association of Entrepreneurs, said a unified database for innovative projects and experts coming from the SCO countries will be created over the coming months. This will initially cover breakthrough medical technologies, but will slowly expand to other platforms.
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