The new submersible Klavesin 1R was in the Russian polar expedition 'Arctic-2007'. Source: Lev Fedoseyev / TASS
Robot designers in Russia’s Far East plan to form a single professional high-technology cluster by 2017, where they would build new robots for use under water. These marine robots would be designed to spend months underwater, for challenging assignments and research and could even replace divers. They would have both military and civilian applications, including deep sea shelf and geological exploration.
According to the project developers, these underwater robots may be available for the Asia-Pacific market in the near future. The most promising foreign partners in the creation of robotic systems are India, China, South Korea, as well as some potential collaborators in Southeast Asia.
The idea behind the Primorsky Cluster was that of the Morinformsystem-Agat JSC company, which has designed automatic managing systems for the Russian fleet for over 60 years.
Within the framework of this high-tech cluste,r the developers also plan to create a system to control these robots from a distance.
"The marine robotic system will be constructed in modules, which will make it universal," said Maria Vorobieva, Morinforsystem-Agat's press secretary.
The developers hope that such a cluster would assist in the defence capability of Russia's Pacific Region.
"With the help of our partners we plan to create a comprehensive solution, one that will be used for defending Russia's borders and economic interests, as well as for civilian use," added Vorobieva.
Twenty Russian enterprises are planned for the cluster, including the Tetis group, Okeanpribor and Gidropribor Underwater Armament.
The association will be supported by more than 100 industrial and scientific organizations.
The Far East - a robot's homeland
Several specialized scientific-research institutes and production enterprises already operate in the Far East. For example, the Institute of Marine Technology produces apparatuses that are used in the North Sea, Black Sea and the Pacific Ocean fleets.
This institute created the Klavesin-1R robot, which is capable of submerging to a depth of 6,000 meters. It proved its usefulness on the Arctic seabed, where no other robots or technologies can function due to the low temperatures. Klavesin-1R helped scientists gather proof that the Lomonosov Ridge in the Arctic Ocean is a continuation of Russian territory. Currently, the robot is being used by the Russian Ministry of Defence.
One of the world's most experienced underwater robotic technology teams works at the Far Eastern Federal University. With the cluster's help the university hopes to create underwater autonomous and remote-controlled robots that will extract oil and monitor the ecological situation and security matters.
Robots are faster than divers
"Thanks to robots the time that people spend underwater can be reduced tenfold," says Alexey Tskhe, vice-president for Research and Innovation at the Far Eastern Federal University. "The entire world is trying to solve this problem, including our partners in Korea, China, the U.S. and Singapore. Sure, the autonomous underwater apparatuses developed at the university cannot do all the work that man does in the great depths. But some operations, such as visual inspection and diagnostics, our robots can do faster than man."
Despite the great potential of these Russian scientists and the robots’ developers, their innovations are not breaking into the market quickly enough. Problems exist related to the marketing and commercialization of the already completed models. The initiators of the Far East cluster hope to solve this problem.
"In order for these underwater robots to catch on first of all a strong industrial partner will be needed, one that would help bring the idea to the level of an authoritative model with large industrial potential," says Tskhe. "We have high expectations for the cluster because its aims are the commercialization and promotion of Russian developments."
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