312 years ago: Peter the Great created Russia's first Marine Corps

Maurice Baquoy. The Battle of Gangut, 1724—1727

Maurice Baquoy. The Battle of Gangut, 1724—1727

Central Naval Museum
Nov. 27 has been celebrated as a professional holiday since 1996.

Peter the Great as Russia's leading reformer and Westernizer, created the Russian navy, borrowing shipbuilding techniques from Holland.

Peter also ordered the creation of the navy corps of marines on Nov. 27, 1705. The soldiers served on board ships as landing parties, as guards for Admiralty buildings and the onshore institutions of the Russian navy.

Marine Corps' first battle was during the Great Northern War (1700-21) when they took part in the Battle of Gangut in 1714. Later they took park in Russo-Turkish War, the 1812 war against Napoleon and the Second World War – and throughout history the fighting men have shown true courage and bravery.


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