Forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad in Palmyra city after they recaptured it, March 27, 2016.Reuters
The recent liberation of Palmyra by the Syrian army and the successful actions of Kurdish units on the way to the de facto Islamic State (ISIS) capital Raqqa are the result of coordinated efforts of Russian servicemen and the American-led anti-terrorist coalition, despite the absence of official agreements concerning such coordination.
Russian politicians and experts believe that although the U.S. does not wish to admit cooperating with Russia, it will be impossible to do otherwise in Syria.
Pyotr Vodolatsky, deputy chairman of the State Duma Defense Committee, said that the American military is cooperating with the Russian military in Syria, despite the absence of official agreements.
"The American administration has demonstrated pragmatism. The U.S. may not admit the coordination but their coalition is fully interacting with the Russian air force," said Vodolatsky.
"Everything that concerns transportation and our strikes and the fly zones is carried out under joint management.
According to Vodolatsky, the evolution of Russian-American cooperation in Syria resembles the anti-Hitler coalition during WWII, when Western countries opened a second front only after decisive victories by the USSR.
"We had made proposals to European countries and to the U.S. to coordinate actions to destroy the terrorists, but England, France and the U.S. refused, and so we had to start eliminating the terrorist organization by ourselves," said Vodolatsky about Russia’s Syria operations.
"Only when the U.S. saw the results of our work did they change their minds and later, during the talks between Lavrov and Kerry, a strategy for joint action was created to destroy ISIS in Syria.”
The close coordination between Russian and American servicemen in Syria is not being admitted on an official level, however.
"From the very beginning we proposed to coordinate our military actions on the ground so that there would not be any questions as to who is striking the correct targets and who isn't," Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov stated back in February.
"We wanted a joint, honest process, but were always met with a refusal. Our only accord was a memorandum on the prevention of incidents in the sky."
However, observers say that the course of combat activities bears witness to the contrary. On April 7 Bloomberg wrote that the actions of the Syrian army and the Kurds are more and more resembling a well-planned operation whose aim is to trap ISIS forces in a pincer and cut them off from Iraq.
Russian experts point to the fact that without close interaction the sides would have inevitably launched attacks on each other, since not only their air forces are operating in Syria but also their special forces, something that has been openly declared on many occasions.
"Within that agreement on the prevention of incidents some kind of mechanism for exchanging information must function, communication channels must always exist and through these channels other activities can also be discussed," explains senior scientific collaborator at the Center for Policy Studies in Russia and professor at the Academy of Military Sciences Vadim Kozyulin.
"There is an objective necessity for Russian-American cooperation. Information is probably exchanged not only concerning aviation but also for actions on the ground, so that the sides do not strike each other."
Kozyulin believes that the U.S. is concealing its interaction with Russia for political purposes since Washington has often criticized Moscow for its policy in Syria and now cannot be open about the cooperation.
"The politicians are incapable of admitting it since Russia and the U.S. currently have complex relations. But life forces us to cooperate in order to avoid losses due to friendly fire," said Kozyulin.
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