U.S. President Barack Obama (R) greets French President Francois Hollande during a joint news conference in the East Room of the White House in Washington, Nov. 24, 2015Reuters
French President François Hollande’s initiative to build up “a single, broad coalition” to ramp up the fight against Islamic State (ISIS) could have run aground after Turkish fighter jets shot down a Russian military aircraft flying close to the Turkey-Syria border. It did not happen.
The restrained reaction of the major Western powers, coupled with Ankara’s toning down of its previous bellicose pronouncements, demonstrate that hopes for a new anti-ISIS alliance have not dimmed.
For the record: The negotiations held by the French president in Washington with his U.S. counterpart Barack Obama this week did not fall flat, as some had predicted. The two leaders were in accord on two preconditions for engaging Russia in dealing with the challenges on Syrian territory: Firstly, Moscow must concentrate “its military action” against ISIS, and secondly, it must agree to implement a political transition in Syria.
Although the term “concentration” on ISIS is open to interpretations, the second demand is easy to meet: As announced by White House officials, Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin have already agreed on “a broad process for achieving a political resolution to the civil war in Syria.”
Meanwhile, interaction between Paris and Moscow on the Syrian crisis has already kicked off. In the wake of Hollande’s statement Russian chief of staff Valery Gerasimov “discussed on the phone the coordination of troops” in operations against ISIS in Syria with his French counterpart Pierre de Villiers for an hour. Certain adjustments to the mode of military operations being conducted by the Russian military in Syria are in the pipeline, establishing a completely new reality.
Hollande’s call for a wider coalition was facilitated by the agreement reached by 19 regional and global players in Vienna on Oct. 30 with the final statement mapping the roadmap for a political settlement in Syria, without detailing the fate of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. “To a degree, this does provide political cover for greater engagement between Russia and the West,” The Wall Street Journal commented last week.
On Nov. 19, Hollande visited Moscow for direct talks with Putin, with the focus on forging the new entente. What could come of this shuttle diplomacy by the French president? Sergei Utkin, head of the department of strategic assessment and situation analysis at the Russian Academy of Sciences, had this to say to Troika Report:
“The practical outcome would be direct and frank communication between the military of the nations deployed in Syria. If we only make solemn political declarations, we are on the wrong track. We have to battle the terrorists, and that means using military means. It requires communication between the military… There should be no place for political infighting.”
On the contrary, Boris Tumanov, an independent journalist specializing in France-focused studies, took a more cautious approach to Hollande's “pivot” to Russia.
“France has certain limits to its solidarity with Russia. Right after French fighter-bombers struck at oil refineries inside Syria, Moscow pointed out that these facilities belong to the legitimate government and this amounts to the destruction of state infrastructure. I do not expect any strong alliance between France and Russia to emerge as a result of the recent developments.”
– So you agree with the comment of an American expert that this is just “lip service”?
“When France is called ‘an ally’ it is aimed only for the sake of shaming them afterwards when Paris votes in favor of prolonging the anti-Russian sanctions.”
“Now Hollande, in engaging Russia, is trying also to outdo Sarkozy. It may look like a paradox, but today for a certain segment of the French electorate and public opinion relations and interaction with Russia have become an acid test of the ‘validity’ of pretenders to the presidential post.”
Nevertheless, is this not a big gamble for Hollande since he de facto bypassed NATO? The president did not even try to evoke Article 6 of the NATO Charter, stipulating a collective response in the case that one of the member states is subject to attack. According to Sergei Utkin, French society does not care much about protocol and commitments within NATO; they want solid and fast results in avenging the death of their people.
So what are the chances that Hollande’s bold move will pay off? Speaking to Troika Report, Dr. Nadia Arbatova, head of the Center of European Political Studies within the Institute of World Economy and International Relations at the Russian Academy of Sciences, preferred to focus on minor positive signs.
“I think that Hollande is determined, let’s say, to go with the flow when it serves him, and he will try to persuade the allies, be it the United States or other countries, to join his coalition. We see that the Americans, who were very sceptical about Russia’s intervention in Syria, are slightly changing their position. In a sense, they have already given a tacit blessing to Russia’s involvement in the Syrian imbroglio.”
“But the United States cannot afford to make a U-turn. Hopefully, the United States will become more inclined to engage with Russia to coordinate military operations in Syria. Let’s hope something positive will come out of it.”
The shooting down of the Russian jet by Turkey, which President Putin called “a stab in the back,” could well have turned into a setback for Paris’s attempt to bridge the gap between the U.S.-led and Moscow-forged coalitions battling Islamist radicals in Syria. The incident with the jet occurred at the crucial moment of truth, when the probability of a united front against ISIS had started to acquire a verifiable contour. But the Turkish air force has not downed Hollande’s vision of a grand coalition and new anti-ISIS alliance.
The opinion of the writer may not necessarily reflect the position of RBTH or its staff.
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