The May 1 holiday in Russia provides a splendid opportunity to enjoy the coming spring. / 1917. May 1. Public celebration on Mariinsky Square, St. PetersburgArchive photos
The history of Workers’ Solidarity Day (also known around the world as May Day, or International Workers’ Day) dates back to July 1889, when a congress of the Second International urged “the entire international proletariat” to commemorate the struggle of American workers in Chicago who fought for better labor conditions. / 1917. May 1. Public celebration on Palace Square, St. PetersburgArchive photo
In the Russian Empire, May 1 was celebrated for the first time in 1890. Seven years later the day acquired political meaning and was accompanied with mass demonstrations of workers. / 1917. May 1, Public celebration on Nevsky Prospect, St. PetersburgArchive photo
There were public demonstrations of workers in 1901 in St. Petersburg, Tbilisi and Kharkov. Participants chanted slogans: “Down with the monarchy!” / May 1 in St. Petersburg, Palace Square, St. PetersburgArchive photo
Only after the 1917 revolution Labor Day was celebrated openly and on a grand scale. The head of the fledgling USSR Vladimir Lenin participated in demonstrations and parades, giving speeches on Red Square. / Vladimir Lenin giving a speech. May 1, 1920, MoscowArchive photo
In the 80s this day was dedicated to international workers’ solidarity. / Vladimir Lenin on an official laying of a monument “Free labor” in Moscow, May 1, 1920Archive photo
During the Soviet era, May 1 was celebrated in Russia as International Workers' Day with massive Communist Party rallies / Bicycle race, May 1, 1934, CheboksaryArchive photo
Organized columns of workers paraded in the streets of towns and cities, with music and political slogans relayed through loudspeakers. / Panoramic view. May 1, 1930 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg)Archive photo
Platforms were set up near the main administrative building from where war veterans, stakhanovites and the Communist Party heads gave speeches / Parade on Red Square, Moscow, May 1, 1938, Military dog handlers on bicyclesArchive photo
The main parade was on Red Square in Moscow. It was broadcast on central TV with footage from events in other big cities. The last official International Workers’ Day was held on 1 May 1991 / May 1, 1958, MurmanskArchive photo
In 1992, the name was changed to Spring and Labor Day, but it still remains a national holiday. / May 1 demonstration in the streets of Moscow, 1960RIA Novosti archive, N. Maksimov
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