The Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) has drawn up a long-term program of deep space exploration, whose core is lunar projects, Roscosmos department head Yuri Makarov told reporters on Friday.
"Roscosmos, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Kurchatov Institute and Rosatom have drawn up a long-term program of deep space exploration this year," Makarov said.
The program sets ambitious tasks of exploration of solar system planets, he added.
"The Moon is the core of this program," Makarov said.
"Our industries have technologically and technically matured for setting and accomplishing these tasks," he said.
The Russian lunar program of this and next decade will be focused on automatic spaceships and stations, Makarov said.
Standard lunar infrastructure elements, among them orbital station units and lunar vehicles, will be developed approximately in the 2030s, he said.
A man-tended lunar station may be created in the 2040s upon the solution of the space radiation problem and the containment of such a lunar factor as fine dust which is harmful for humans and hardware, the scientist continued.
Inhabited bases, among them optical laboratories, will be deployed on the Moon in the 2050s. "The expeditions may either stay there or visit these facilities," he pointed out.
The problem of power supply to lunar bases will be resolved in the same period. Such bases will be extremely important for observation of space objects, including asteroids approaching the Earth from the side of the Sun. It is practically impossible to monitor their movement from the Earth at present, the expert said.
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