Baikonur marks 60th anniversary

The Baikonur Space Center will celebrate its 60th anniversary on June 2. This is also the Day of the Town of Baikonur.

The Baikonur Space Center will celebrate its 60th anniversary on June 2. This is also the Day of the Town of Baikonur.

The Baikonur cultural center will host a jubilee meeting and a concert given by soloists and artistic companies of the town on Monday evening, a source in the Baikonur administration has told Interfax.

Baikonur was built in the middle of the 1950s as a test range for the first intercontinental ballistic missile R-7. The official date of its establishment is June 2, 1955, when an order was signed to open the fifth state testing range of the Soviet Defense Ministry.

The first ballistic missile was test-fired from Baikonur on May 15, 1957. The testing range was transformed into a spaceport on October 4, 1957, when the first satellite was put into orbit.

The first manned space mission was performed by Yuri Gagarin from the spaceport's first launch pad on April 12, 1961.

Russia has been leasing the Baikonur spaceport from Kazakhstan since 1994.

 

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