A new edition of the Russian Maritime Doctrine needs to be adopted amid growing rivalry for resources of the World's Oceans and global competition in cargo transportation, the Russian Security Council has said.
"The degree of Russia's economic involvement in the global [economy] has increased in recent years. At the same time, rivalry for owning the resources of the World's Oceans and developing them has escalated and international competition for the maritime transportation of cargo has increased," Russian Security Council Deputy Secretary Mikhail Popov told reporters on Aug. 12.
He explained the adjustment of the Russian Maritime Doctrine with the changed "global conditions and socioeconomic situation in the country, new threats and challenges to security, new areas of research and development and modern technologies."
Another reason for adjusting the Russian Maritime Doctrine is the approval of new strategic documents in recent years, among them the Russian National Security Strategy for the Period until 2020, the Military Doctrine and the Basic Policy of the Russian Federation in the Field of Naval Activities for the Period until 2030, Popov said.
Concerning the new Russian Maritime Doctrine, Popov said, "Regulations for maritime transport and inland water transport as well as a new provision, Operation of Offshore Pipelines, have been introduced."
"Offshore pipelines are strategic to our country, both in the domestic consumption of shelf hydrocarbons and in foreign economic operations. Offshore trunk gas pipelines play a special role in the exports of energy resources," the Russian Security Council deputy secretary said.
The document has a new provision, "Antarctic Regional Vector", he said. "Previously, Antarctic exploration tasks were included in the Indian Ocean regional vector of the national policy. The following main regional vectors of the national maritime policy have been named: Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific, Caspian, Indian Ocean and Antarctic," Popov said.
Shipbuilding has become an individual item of the national maritime policy for the first time ever, as an independent maritime policy is problematic without the development of shipbuilding and affiliated industries.
"Special emphasis was put on the provision of environmental safety in development projects in the World Ocean and the resolution of social problems of maritime sector employees," he said.
Keynote areas of the development of water transport, development and conservation of sea bio resources, maritime research and naval activity have been defined. Ways to deal with the personnel training problem have been spelled out. The authors of the new doctrine dwelt on security aspects of maritime activity, including modern methods of navigation, hydrographic and hydrometeorological support using the Glonass and Global Maritime Communication System, Popov said.
"The goal of the national maritime policy is unaltered - to implement and protect the national interests of our country in the World's Oceans and to strengthen the position of Russia amongst the leading maritime nations. The new edition of the Maritime Doctrine corresponds to baseline documents in the field of Russian national security; it is a major document of the national maritime policy," the Russian Security Council deputy secretary said.
Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said on July 26 that President Vladimir Putin approved the adjustments to the Russian Maritime Doctrine passed in 2011. Earlier the adjustments were approved by the Russian government's Maritime Board.
The deputy prime minister said the adjusted Maritime Doctrine put an emphasis on the Atlantic and Arctic vectors.
"We believe that the elaboration of a draft law on the state regulation of maritime activity will start shortly on the maritime doctrine's basis and will formalize the coordinating and consolidating role of the Russian government's Maritime Board and the maritime councils of littoral regions with the purpose of full provision of Russian interests in national territorial waters, on the coast, in territorial seas and in high seas," Rogozin said.
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