Rosatom's Mayak plant situated in the town of Ozersk in the Chelyabinsk region may begin the industrial processing of spent uranium-beryllium fuel of Alfa-class submarine reactors at the end of 2015, the plant said in its materials.
Uranium-beryllium fuel will be processed by the Mayak RT-1 radiation chemical plant which has developed special technology and equipment, and processed a trial batch of this type of spent nuclear fuel.
Uranium-beryllium alloy fuel assemblies have been used in VT reactors of nuclear submarines. This type of nuclear fuel has a high strength and a highly toxic component - beryllium, Mayak said.
It was said earlier with reference to Rosatom head Sergei Kiriyenko that Mayak developed the technology and equipment for processing uranium-beryllium fuel of Alfa-class submarines in 2014.
"Such fuel was stored, not processed in the previous period. Reactor cores of two submarines have been dismantled, processing has begun, and we are planned to finish the unloading of the reactor cores from another nine submarines of this class," Kiriyenko said.
Mayak is a state-run enterprise producing nuclear weapon components and isotopes, and it stores and processes spent nuclear fuel.
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