Archeologists find evidence of city life in Moscow Kremliin in 12th century
Archeologists who are doing excavation work on the site of the demolished 14th unit of the Moscow Kremlin have found some artifacts dating back to the 12-14th centuries have suspended their work for several weeks, the press service for the presidential property department has reported.
"The dismantling of the 14th unit provided a unique and unexpected perspective for the archeological research of the eastern part of the Kremlin Hill, where the Chudov and Voznesensky Monasteries and the Small Nikolayevsky Palace, which were destroyed in 1929, were located," the presidential property department told Interfax.
The report says that "archeologists have found artifacts dating back to the 12-14th centuries, which indicate the development of the eastern part of the Kremlin no later than the 12th century and intensive city life." The finds (glass bracelets, pieces of glass vessels, metal decorations for women's costumes, ceramics) are common to ancient Russian cities of the second half of the 12-13th centuries, but the incrustations of that time have not been studied in the Moscow Kremlin until Moscow Kremlin.
"Among the most expressive objects are a writing stylus, of which not a lot have been found in the cities of Northeastern Russia," the press service said.
The archeological studies are being done by the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which began working in November 2015.
The scientists have dug done holes between the Ivanovskaya Square and the Spasskaya Tower.
The presidential property management office said the archeologists "managed to find some parts of the Small Nikolayevsky Palace (whose foundation was laid down in 1775 according to M. Kazakov's project), the Yekaterinskaya Church of the Voznesensky Monastery (1817), the monastery canteen joined to the Annunciation Church and the Alexeyevskaya Church of the Chudov Monastery (late 17th century)."
The archeological work was suspended for the period of the celebrations.
"To prevent damage to the parts of historical foundations that have been found, the dug holes were temporarily conserved in accordance with the relevant norms and regulations. The archeological work will resume in several weeks," the report says.
As to the work to remove the 14th unit, the presidential property management office said it has been completed and a park zone has been created on the territory. The territory vacated by the removal of the 14th unit was landscaped on the basis of the historical construction of the Chudov and Voznesensky Monasteries found by the archeologists.
"The park zone, which has a total area of 1.6 hectares, will see the new guests, visitors of the Moscow Kremlin, on May 10," the press service said.
The demolition of the 14th unit of the Kremlin, which was located between the Spasskiye Gates and the Senate Palace, began in November 2015.
The proposal to remove this administrative building was made by Russian President Vladimir Putin a year ago. The unit was built in 1932-1934 on the sites of the Chudov and Voznesensky Monasteries and the Small Nikolayevsky Palace, which were destroyed in 1929-1930. It was among the buildings that formed the Ivanovskaya Square.