The agreements between Russia and the U.S. on Syria is a necessary though insufficient condition for a full-fledged resuming of the peace process in Syria, head of the Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies Ruslan Pukhov told TASS on September 10.
"The Russia-U.S. agreements are a condition, which is necessary, though insufficient for bringing the situation in Syria from military actions to the sphere of dialogue and political process," he said. "The reason is - besides Russia and the United States there are also mighty regional players with their interests."
"Without a certain constraint of those players, the agreements will not work," the expert said.
Among the countries he meant, Pukhov named Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Iran.
"For example, in Saudi Arabia there is central power as well as influential people with huge assets, who run own policies," he said. "Own views on "the good" may have the Iranians and Hezbollah - who will control them? Thus, it is too early to open Champagne."
He said the Russia side would face problems with implementation of the agreements, as "with the destroyed social structure of the Syrian state, Assad is also incapable of controlling fully his all allies."
On September 9, the Geneva talks between Lavrov and Kerry lasted for 14 hours, thus beating the record of their Moscow meeting on July 15. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry agreed in Geneva a set of five documents, aimed at ceasefire regime in the war in Syria, which lasts for more than five years already, and at making basis for resuming the political process in the country. Those documents include an agreement on distinguishing the opposition from terrorists, procedures of reacting to ceasefire breaches, as well as aspects of humanitarian assistance delivery. The parties agreed that only Russia and the United States would deliver airstrikes against terrorists, while the governmental forces have to stop flights.
The 48-hour ceasefire will begin on the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha (Kurban Bayrami) on September 12 and is likely to be extended for a longer term. The ceasefire should bring to the negotiation table opponents and supporters of the ruling regime. Sergei Lavrov had to say nobody can guarantee implementation of the new agreements on Syria.
All rights reserved by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.