A Russian political youth activist form the Just Russia party attends a rally against governmental corruption in Moscow on July 22, 2008. The sign reads: "Bribery Stop!" Source: AFP / East News
In February 2013, President Vladimir Putin submitted a bill to the State Duma prohibiting government officials from holding foreign-issued securities or bank accounts abroad. The bill is expected to be one more step in the Russian government’s crusade against corruption, after large-scale embezzlement schemes were uncovered at major government agencies and state-owned companies.
The president’s bill comes as a result of a public and parliamentary discussion about corruption within the state apparatus. If signed into law, the bill would extend a ban on holding foreign bank accounts to all public servants, including Central Bank Board of Directors members, officials of constituent entities of the Russian Federation and functionaries of state-owned corporations.
Government officials will not even be able to open bank accounts abroad to pay for education or medical expenses. However, they will be allowed to own foreign real estate — provided they report it in Russia. Violators will be punished, potentially by being discharged from office.
Experts polled by RIA Novosti agreed that the bill would be an important milestone in the fight against corruption. They believe the document is preventive in nature, rather than prohibitive or repressive.
“This is an important part of the anti-corruption package of President Putin’s electoral program currently being implemented…. It’s very important for our elites to become more disciplined and responsible now, to purge themselves. The passing of this bill and enactment of the law will realize this,” associate professor of the MGIMO Political Theory Department, Yan Vaslavsky, said.
On Jan. 1, before February’s bill, the law “On Control over Correspondence between Spending by Persons Employed in Civil Service Positions and Other Persons and Their Income” came into effect in Russia, making it mandatory for government officials to report the income and spending of their family members. Misrepresentation or a discrepancy between income and spending will entail dismissal and transfer of the case to prosecutors for investigation.
Lawmakers hope these measures will reduce the scale of abuse not only by federal but also by municipal officials, as well as by employees of state-owned corporations.
Chairman of the State Duma Ethics Committee, Vladimir Pekhtin, became the first victim of the presidential bill. He had to vacate his seat voluntarily, after it came to light that he had failed to declare a Miami condo worth several million dollars. At least two senators are planning to leave the Federation Council — the upper chamber of parliament — for similar reasons.
Russia’s authorities have long realized that rampant corruption is the number-one threat to the economy. The law “On Combatting Corruption” was passed in 2008, and Putin declared the fight against corruption to be one of his priority tasks after he returned as head of state in 2012.
The fight against corruption heated up in mid-autumn last year. A real anti-corruption wave arose literally within weeks. It kicked off with high-profile corruption scandals implicating various government agencies and state-owned companies. The Ministry of Defense came first.
As a result of an investigation, Minister Anatoly Serdyukov lost his job and was questioned as a witness in a case involving illegal sales of military-owned real estate, which resulted in 4 billion rubles (more than $130 million) in damage.
The next case involved embezzlement of funds appropriated by the Ministry for Regional Development for the construction of facilities for the APEC summit in Vladivostok.
Former Deputy Minister Roman Panov wound up in prison. Soon afterward, OAO Russian Space Systems — the company responsible for building the GLONASS satellite positioning system — found itself at the center of a scandal, after it was discovered that 6.5 billion rubles (more than $210 million) had been transferred to fly-by-night company accounts.
The Russian media has been active in covering the fight against corruption. During 2012, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry for Regional Development and the Ministry of Communications, as well as the federal agencies Roscosmos, Rostelecom, Roshydromet, Rosimushchestvo and Rosatom became the focus of media attention. Each case revealed the names of government ministers or high-ranking federal officials, as well as the amounts of stolen public funds.
Society at large is becoming increasingly aware of the results of the anti-corruption drive. According to the All-Russian Center for Public Opinion Research, 36 percent of those polled noticed them in 2007, whereas 45 percent did so at the end of 2012.
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