Massie’s first meeting with President Reagan in the Oval Office. Source: Courtesy of The Reagan Library
The United States and Russia have hit a new nadir in relations, and jokes about Cold War II are familiar fare on Late Night television. Suzanne Massie’s long-anticipated personal memoir, “Trust But Verify: Reagan, Russia and me” provides some common-sense advice for those who care about frayed bilateral ties.
In her new book, octogenarian and longtime Russia watcher Massie describes President Ronald Reagan as a “gentle and idealistic” man who depended on his wife Nancy for “protection.”
Massie will speak April 12 at American University. Source: Press Photo
The president’s staff reached out to Massie in 1984, in part because she had lectured on Russia and written a definitive cultural history called “Land of the Firebird: The Beauty of Old Russia.”
Reagan was determined to work outside of his inner circle, Massie explained, and learn something none of the Kremlinologists seemed to know: Who are the Russian people? What are they like, and what do they want?
Between 1984 and 1988, the Reagans delighted in lunching with Massie, according to Reagan’s diaries. A dynamic extrovert who is blunt and salty in her language, she is also down-to earth in her manner.
Reagan referred to her as “the greatest student I know of the Russian people.” The president was unexpectedly intrigued by Massie’s unabashed love affair with Russia: She had learned the language and hung out with Russians for decades; in her own words, she had “gone through the looking glass.”
Massie also probably won the hearts of Russians with her combination of razor-sharp intellect mixed with healthy self-deprecation. Massie never lacked in drive and ambition, but also has a fun-loving streak. In the book, she describes her inability to eat in front of the president, and her efforts to shell a shrimp with her bare hands in front of him, the shrimp sliding across the table.
The title of the book comes from the most important thing Massie said she shared with President Reagan, a Russian proverb, “Trust but Verify.” The phrase, a Russian adage that because of Massie is now part of the American vernacular, was a huge hit with Reagan. She encouraged him to learn it in Russian and use it with Gorbachev when they met for a Summit in 1986.
Born in New York to Swiss diplomats, Suzanne Massie graduated from Vassar College, and studied at the Sorbonne and the Ecole des Sciences Politiques in Paris. Massie has been involved in many aspects of study and work in the Soviet Union and Russia for nearly 40 years.
A fellow of the Harvard Russian Research Center (now the Davis Center) from 1985-97, she has also served on the Board of the International League for Human Rights. She has written extensively about Russia. She has briefed the U.S. Congress and she advised President Ronald Reagan during the critical years at the end of the Cold War.
Reagan said it in Russian - “Doveryai, No Proveryai” - in his speech during a tense moment, and offered a real ice-breaker. Gorbachev laughed and said in Russian, “You say that at every meeting.” The room filled with laughter. Gorbachev said later that upon hearing that phrase, he knew he could work with Reagan.
A woman ahead of her time
Suzanne Massie is the daughter of Swiss diplomats and grew up speaking French as well as English. She was born in New York and is American by birth.
Massie graduated from Vassar and attended the Sorbonne in the 1950s, before the publication of “The Feminine Mystique.” She came of age during a time when there was little talk of women “opting out,” because there was very few ways of “opting in.”
She married journalist Robert Massie. Their first child, Bob Massie, was born with hemophilia in 1956. “When this catastrophe happened, I was in despair, certain that my life and youthful hopes were gone forever. How wrong I was!” Massie wrote in “Trust But Verify.”
Massie’s lifelong love affair with Russia began with her grandmother, who read Russian fairy tales. The young Massie identified most with the tragic, ephemeral-but-enduring “Firebird.”
When the duties of parenting a chronically ill child with hemophilia became daunting, Massie found herself enrolling in a Russian class. “After he suffered a particularly severe medical crisis, to save my sanity, I enrolled in an adult education course in Russian language at a local high school,” she wrote in the prologue.
It was $8 a semester, which was all she could afford. Massie’s teacher informed her that she had “a Russian soul.”
Suzanne and Robert Massie, her first husband, researched everything they could about hemophilia, its history and the quest for a cure. They became fascinated by the story of Tsar Nicholas, Empress Alexandra, and their son Alexei.
They concluded that the royal family became more isolated in their reaction to the illness, and that this insulation, and the resulting influence of Rasputin, led to the destruction of Imperial Russia. The result was the Pulitzer Prize-winning epic, “Nicholas and Alexandra.”
Their own son, Bob Massie, spent his childhood in braces and lost both his knees to hemophilia. He would eventually contract Hepatitis and HIV from blood transfusions.
Yet Bob Massie is among the first patients to show a natural resistance to AIDS and is participating in medical studies at Massachusetts General Hospital. An activist and Episcopalian priest, he published his memoir ,“A Song in the Night,” with Doubleday in 2012.
Never right about Russia
“Why Are We Always Wrong About Russia?” is a speech Massie wrote in 2001, though it has been updated many times. Recently, she added her thoughts on the complexity of Russia’s relationship to Ukraine and Crimea.
“I keep updating the speech, but the essence of it is the same,” the historian said on the phone from her home in Maine. She wants to offer observers of current events more historical context, she said.
She warns Americans with a Russian proverb: “Ignore history, you lose an eye,” Massie said. “Forget history, and you lose two eyes.”