Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin proposed reducing the government’s role in in the future. Source: ITAR-TASS
In the opinion of New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, Russia has failed to learn from the world economic crisis by continuing to rely on a resource-based economy.
“Russia, it seems to me, is clearly wasting this crisis,” he wrote in his column after attending a conference in St. Petersburg in 2009. “Oil prices rebounded from $30 to $70 a barrel too quickly, so the pressure for Russia to really reform and diversify its economy is off.” He described Russia as “a country that derives more of its wealth from drilling its mines than from tapping its minds.”
His comments were echoed in Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s recent op-ed in business daily Vedomosti. Putin admits that the Russian economy needs to be reformed as soon as possible in order to meet global challenges and not fall behind the West.
“Global sales of gas, oil, metals, timber and other raw materials and low value-added products account for over 25 percent of Russia’s GDP,” Putin wrote. “It has become commonplace to speak about a resource-based Russian economy. Having an economy that cannot guarantee us stability, sovereignty and prosperity is unacceptable for Russia. We need a new economy with competitive industries and infrastructure, a developed services sector and effective agriculture – an economy based on modern technology.”
Putin discussed a set of problems for Russia’s economy, ranging from the country’s lack of innovative technologies and unfavorable investment climate to the low participation of Russia’s population in the country’s capital markets and domestic investment. In addition, the prime minister proposed reducing the government’s role in economy by 2016 and partly privatizing some state companies that deal with technology and innovation, such as Rosatom and Rostekhnologii. He also proposed cutting the presence of Gazprom in economic organizations outside the gas industry including the media.
Although his initiatives sound reasonable, some Russia experts doubt Putin’s words are anything more than PR related to his presidential campaign.
Yury Korgunyuk from the Indem think tank doesn’t see anything new in Putin’s comments. “In the midst of his presidential campaign, Putin is trying to assure Russia’s entrepreneurs and middle class that he will not suppress them if elected. Yet he is very cautious [in addressing the current economic issues]. Actually, he wrote the article just not to do a lot of harm to his reputation.”
Yegeny Minchenko, head of the International Institute for Political Expertise, believes that Putin’s article is reminiscent of President Dmitry Medvedev’s previous proposal for reforming the economy. “Ninety percent of Putin’s rhetoric sounds like Medvedev’s ideas, ” Minchenko said. “Of course, it is difficult not to agree with it, but the question why all these goals, when announced, haven’t been implemented [since Medvedev’s inauguration] remains unanswered.” Particularly, Minchenko mentioned the anti-corruption campaign launched by both Medvedev and Putin which gave no any noticeable results.
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