One of the first motorcycle in the Soviet Union, the IZH dates back to the late 1920s. Since then, dozens of IZH models have been produced, with a total number nearing 11 million.
One of the most successful models was the IZH Planeta Sport. The first Soviet sports bike was exported to the UK and the Netherlands, where it was in great demand.
In 2008, the production of IZH motorcycles at the IZHmoto plant stopped. These days, IZH motorcycles are produced by the Kalashnikov Concern. Soon, it will release a new model: A heavy escort motorcycle to be used in the presidential motorcade. It will have a maximum speed of 200 km/h and will be able hit 100 km/h in 3.5 seconds.
Voskhod 3MA. Knyazev/Sputnik
In Soviet times, Voskhod motorcycles were basically used as work mules in rural areas. Even today, Voskhods in a pretty good condition can be found in some remote villages.
First manufactured in 1984, the Tula became the first Soviet off-road motorcycle and an instant hit with hunting and fishing enthusiasts. However, the model did not survive the economically challenging 1990s and its production was stopped in 1996.
Legendary Soviet-era Urals are still used today. The model is one of the few heavy motorcycles in the world and, as such, enjoys tremendous popularity in the West. For example, Hollywood actor Brad Pitt is a devoted fan.
In the USSR, heavy Urals had to have a sidecar, otherwise they were too difficult to control. However, that requirement did not apply to police officers, who could choose whether to use a sidecar or not.
The VELOMOTORS group is one of Europe's largest manufacturers of quad bikes, snowmobiles, and bicycles. It now plans to occupy a sizeable niche of the motorcycle market, with its line of Stels motorcycles already boasting 15 models.
Founded in 2001 in Vladivostok, the young company Irbis very soon became one of the leaders of the Russian motorcycle market. Its low-maintenance motorcycles, well-adapted for the country's harsh climate, already present serious competition to foreign and domestic brands.
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