Automatic interplanetary station "Mars-3" copy in the "Space" pavilion at the State National Economy Achievement Exhibition.Nikolai Kuleshov/TASS
The Soviet automatic interplanetary station Mars-3 consisted of a space station (an artificial satellite) and a lander. The world's first soft landing on the surface of Mars was the only one during the Soviet space program.
The unmanned space probe was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome on May 28, 1971. The mission to Mars lasted more than six months and its arrival on Mars coincided with a huge dust storm.
Mars-3 landed on Dec 2, 1971. At
However, after separating the space station orbited Mars and for more than eight months surveyed the planet like never before.
If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material.
to our newsletter!
Get the week's best stories straight to your inbox