Rtishchev is also considered to be the founder of Russian charityPublic domain
This nobleman who lived in the mid-17th century and was a counselor to Tsar Alexei I is also considered to be the founder of Russian charity. Using his own money, as well as that of his friends, Rtishchev set up a number of hospitals and shelters in the capital and in regional cities.
Inspired by his example, the authorities took this agenda and started to open up their own hospitals and shelters. The state also pushed the Church toward this alms-doing activity. In the words of the famous 19th-century Russian historian, Vasily Kluchevsky, Rtishchev “showed with a good example how it is possible to connect private charity with the
It’s believed that when a famine occurred in the city of Vologda (500 km north of Moscow) Rtishchev sold a lot of his property and even some of his clothes, to help those affected by the disaster. He also presented some of his land holdings as a gift to another Russian city that needed resources for development. Rtishchev was famous for helping POWs. With his own
Rtishchev contributed to the field of education by setting up a monastery that had a school with educated monks. This school later became the Slavic Greek Latin Academy, the first higher educational establishment in Russia.
Empress Maria seemed to have quite a characterPublic domain
The wife of the short-ruled Emperor Paul I, Empress Maria Feodorovna, became famous for her charitable efforts. At the very end of the 18th
The Empress managed to raise considerable funds for the institutions under her administration. She also reformed the way orphanages in Moscow and St. Petersburg worked. They were notorious for high mortality rates, and often were called “factories of angels.” Maria limited the number of children in each orphanage to 500, while the rest were sent to reliable families of peasants administered by the state. Under her leadership, child mortality is believed to have decreased.
She set up a number of colleges for girls across the country at a time when the education of women was not considered a priority. Close to the end of her
She seemed to have quite a character, and each day she started with a cold shower, a prayer, and strong coffee. The rest of the day she devoted to those who were under her care. “There has been no such person in history who could be compared to the deceased empress. … She demonstrated to the world the stunning example of humbleness of mind,” later wrote Alexander Pushkin, one of the greatest Russian poets.
Anna Adler helped to establish the first Russian printing house that produced literature for the blindPublic domain
She helped to establish the first Russian printing house that produced literature for the blind using braille. In doing so, she referred to the experience she accumulated during her trips abroad to European countries. In 1885, she printed the first braille book in Russia. Newspapers in St. Petersburg compared her achievement to that of Johannes Gutenberg, who introduced printing to Europe. One German magazine called her a “typesetter by the grace of God.”
She also came up with a number of study guides for the blind, and managed to transform musical notation into a format readable for people without sight. In the early 1920s, shortly before her death, she took part in founding the All-Russian Association of the Blind.
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