Alyoshenka the Kyshtym Dwarf: the ‘alien from outer space,’ or boy mutant?

A mysterious creature found in a small town in the Urals, "Alyoshenka" didn't happen to live a happy or long life. People still dispute what or who he was.

A mysterious creature found in a small town in the Urals, "Alyoshenka" didn't happen to live a happy or long life. People still dispute what or who he was.

Natalya Nosova
One day in the 1990s, a woman found a strange creature in the woods, and 20 years since her death and that of the “humanoid,” people still argue what it really was.

In summer 1996, the small Ural region city of Kyshtym (1,764 km east of Moscow) witnessed a bizarre scene. A retired woman, Tamara Prosvirina, was walking down the street with something covered in a blanket, and was talking to it.

“She was telling us – ‘It’s my baby, Alyoshenka [short for Alexey]!’ but never showed it,” the locals recalled. Prosvirina actually had a son named Alexey, but he was grown-up and in 1996 he was doing time for theft. “So, we decided that the woman had gone nuts – talking to a toy, thinking of it as her son.”

Indeed, Prosvirina had mental issues – several months later she was sent to a clinic to be treated for schizophrenia. The thing in a blanket, however, was no toy but a living creature that she had found in the woods near a well.

Real alien?

Those who saw Alyoshenka described it as a 20-25-centimeter-tall humanoid. “Brown body, no hair, big protruding eyes, moving its tiny lips, making squeaky sounds…” according to Tamara Naumova, Prosvirina’s friend who had seen Alyoshenka in her apartment, and who later told Komsomolskaya Pravda. His onion-shape didn’t look human at all.

“His mouth was red and round, he was looking at us…” said another witness, Prosvirnina’s daughter-in-law. According to her, the woman was feeding the strange ‘baby’ with cottage cheese and condensed milk. “He looked sad, I felt pain while looking at him,” the daughter-in-law recalled.

Accounts by the locals differ. For instance, Vyacheslav Nagovsky mentioned that the dwarf was “hairy” and had “blue eyes.” Nina Glazyrina, Prosvirina’s other friend, stated: “He was standing near the bed, with big eyes,” and also mentioned hair. Others say the humanoid was hairless.

The only thing these people agree on was that Alyoshenka “looked like a real alien.” On the other hand, testimonies of people like Nagovsky and Glazyrina are dubious: both were drunkards (as well as most other Prosvirina's friends) and later died of alcoholism.

Radioactive place

Journalist Andrey Loshak, who made the film, “The Kyshtym Dwarf,” quoted the locals, “Perhaps Alyoshenka was an [extraterrestrial] humanoid, but in this case he made a mistake landing in Kyshtym.” Sounds about true: the city with a population of 37,000 is not exactly paradise. Even not taking into account local alcoholics. 

In 1957, Kyshtym faced the first nuclear disaster in Soviet history. Plutonium exploded at Mayak, a nearby secret nuclear power station, throwing the 160-ton concrete lid into the air. It is the third-most serious nuclear accident in history, behind Fukushima in 2011 and Chernobyl in 1986. The region and atmosphere were seriously polluted.

“Sometimes fishermen catch fish with no eyes or fins,” Loshak said. So, the theory that Alyoshenka was a human mutant deformed by radiation was also a popular explanation.

Alyoshenka dies

One day, the inevitable happened. Prosvirina’s neighbors called the hospital, and doctors took her away. She protested and wanted to stay with Alyoshenka because without her he would die. “But how could I believe the words of a woman with acute schizophrenia?” the local paramedic shrugged.

Indeed, the Kyshtym dwarf died with no one to feed him. When asked why she didn’t visit Alyoshenka or call anyone, Prosvirina’s friend Naumova answers: “Well, goddamit, aren’t you freaking geniuses? I wasn’t in the village back then!” When she came back, the small creature had already died. The most-likely insane Prosvirina was the only one to cry for him. 

With Prosvirina gone, a friend found the body and made some type of a mummy: “washed it with spirit and dried it,” wrote a local newspaper. Later, the man was arrested for stealing cable and showed the body to police.

(Poor) investigation

“Vladimir Bendlin was the first person who tried to make sense of this story while being sober,” Loshak says. A local police officer, Bendlin confiscated Alyoshenka’s body from the thief. His boss, however, showed no interest in the case and ordered him to “give up this nonsense.”

But Bendlin, whom Komsomolskaya Pravda ironically called “Fox Mulder from the Urals,” started his own investigation, with Alyoshenka kept in his fridge. “Don’t even ask what my wife told me about it,” he said grimly.

Bendlin failed to confirm or refute his extraterrestrial origins. A local pathologist said that he wasn’t human, while a gynecologist claimed that it was just a child with terrible deformations.

Then Bendlin made a mistake – he handed the dwarf’s body over to ufologists who took it away and never gave it back. After that, Alyoshenka’s traces became completely lost – with journalists searching for more than 20 years.

Outcome

Alyoshenka’s body still hasn’t been found, and it’s unlikely to be. His “mother,” the pensioner Prosvirina, died in 1999 – hit by a truck in the dead of night. According to locals, she had been dancing on a highway. Most of those who had met him also have died. Still, scientists, journalists and even psychics argue about who (or what) he was, offering very bizarre versions: from an alien to an ancient dwarf.

Nevertheless, serious experts remain skeptical. Something akin to Alyoshenka, a humanoid mummy found in Atacama, Chile has the same appearance, but was proven in 2018 to be a human whose phenotype was caused by rare gene mutations, some previously unknown. Most likely, the Kyshtym dwarf also wasn’t an alien.

In Kyshtym, however, everybody still remembers him and his gloomy fate. “The name Alexey is now extremely unpopular in the city,” Komsomolskaya Pravda reports. “Who wants their child to be mocked as a 'Kyshtym dwarf’ in school?”

This article is part of the Russian X-Files series in which RBTH explores Russia-related mysteries and paranormal phenomena.

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