Russian writer Anton Chekhov and his wife, actress Olga Knipper-ChekhovaSputnik
He stated that life is
Chekhov believed that “if there
The writer asserted that happy people are blissfully ignorant of other people’s woes. He opined that “at the door of every happy man someone should stand with a little hammer, constantly tapping, to remind him that unhappy people exist.” This “constant tapping at the door” sounds eerily like Facebook (although whether it opens people’s eyes to the misfortunate of others is debatable).
Nikolai Stavrogin. A screenshot from Vladimir Khotinenko's series "Demons"Vladimir Khotinenko/Non-Stop Production, 2014/Sputnik
The protagonist of Dostoevsky’s novel The Brothers Karamazov says: “Man is broad, too broad, I’d have him narrower.” He is amazed at how conflicting thoughts can coexist inside one person.
An example of such a contradiction is found in the novel Demons. Stavrogin, in dialogue with Shatov, admits to being an atheist. Shatov tries to expose his adversary as untruthful. He recalls Stavrogin’s phrases two years previously that the Russians are a “God-bearing people” and that “an atheist immediately ceases to be Russian.”
“Didn’t you tell me,” shouts Shatov at Stavrogin, “that if it were proved to you mathematically that the truth lies outside of Christ, you would prefer to remain with Christ rather than the truth?”
Incidentally, this phrase about Christ is contained in the letters of Dostoevsky himself.
Bolkonsky (in the foreground) and Napoleon after the Austerlitz battle. A screenshot from Sergei Bondarchuk's film "War and Peace"Sputnik
At the heart of his worldview are morality and virtue, and any civilizational development, in Tolstoy’s mind’s eye, only degrades humanity: people have sex not only to reproduce,
Andrei Bolkonsky in War and Peace is wounded in battle and finds himself in the (for him) unusual position of lying on the ground face up. He gazes at the sky, amazed that he has never before noticed this blue vastness. And he is happy to have done so at last. He starts to wonder why they are fighting the French, why all the charging and screaming, what’s it all for?! “Everything is empty, everything is
In Anna Karenina, the wife of the brother of the title character accuses her husband of infidelity and shows him a note as proof. But the philandering husband is tormented not by what has happened, but by his reaction to it.
“There happened to him at that instant what happens to people when they are unexpectedly caught in something very disgraceful. He did not succeed in adapting his face to the position in which he was placed towards his wife by the discovery of his fault. Instead of being hurt, denying, defending himself, begging forgiveness, instead of remaining indifferent even—anything would have been better than what he did do—his face utterly involuntarily assumed
Among all the conventions of society, among all the innovations and constant changes, Tolstoy seems to ask us: where, oh where is the real person?
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