Russians are fans of proverbs and masterfully juggle them in different situations. A foreigner who wants to know Russian as a native and to understand Russians and their “mysterious soul”, needs to know at least the basic proverbs.
So, we’ll help you get through them! Another popular one is: ‘Ума палата’ [uma palata]. Literally, this one translates as: “The hall [or the chamber] of the brain [or intelligence].”
The proverb is usually attributed to very smart people. “He is incredibly clever” can be easily replaced with “He has a hall of brain” - У него ума палата [U nego uma palata]. This means that he is so smart, that his brain could occupy a whole hall. And yes, Russians used to believe that the size of the head and brain indicates how smart one is. The bigger the better!
The thing is that ‘палата’ in Russian means a huge hall where the important political or military elite would gather. There were also tsar and clerical halls, so, in those places, was a big concentration of smart and educated people that ruled and decided the nation’s fate.
In English, one probably could use: “One is smart as a whip” or “One is a walking encyclopaedia” in a similar context.
However, the phrase ‘the hall of brain’ is often used in a sarcastic way, to poke fun at someone who isn’t very smart in reality, but pretends to be. Or for someone who just did something stupid. And for no reason.
These days, people use a shortened version of most of the proverbs, because of the natural process of cutting the speech and expressions, to make it short and faster. We already explained the roots of proverbs like ‘the sea is knee-deep’ and ‘a fisherman spots a fisherman from afar’ - they were also shortened and lost their original meaning somewhat.
So, the full old version of ‘the hall of brain’ idiom actually comes from the phrase, ‘There is chamber of brain, but the key is lost’ or another version: ‘There is chamber of brain, but there is lack of mind’.
This actually means that you can’t enter the hall - so the hall isn’t used and relatively the brain exists, but is useless. A person doesn’t know how to put their brain to work in the right way. That’s how the expression got its negative connotation and used to be attributed to clueless people in the past.
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