No, within the current legal framework, children born on Russian territory do not automatically receive Russian citizenship. There are a number of conditions that should be met in order for the child to become formally Russian, says Vladimir Starinsky, managing partner at the law firm Starinsky,
“According to Federal Law No. 62 Article 12 ‘About Russian citizenship’ a child born on the Russian territory gets Russian citizenship when at least one of his/her parents is a Russian citizen,” he explains. “If both parents are foreign citizens, then a child can get a Russian passport only if the native country of his/her parents isn’t going to grant citizenship to the child. Every state has a different legal framework on this question and the basis for the inability to grant citizenship can vary.”
If you or your spouse have Russian citizenship, then the process of obtaining Russian citizenship for the child is quite straightforward. Both parents should visit their local office of “My Documents” and file an application stating that one of the parents, who is not a Russian national, isn’t against his/her child becoming a citizen of Russia.
Upon provision of both parents’ passports and the child’s birth certificate, the authorities will grant citizenship and put a stamp on the birth certificate on the same day and without any fee.
If one of the parents (a foreign national) is missing or cannot be found, the procedure might take a while and require additional documents, for instance, a copy of the court’s decision on recognizing one parent as missing or on the deprivation of his parental rights, or a notarized copy of the death certificate.
Usually, if a child is born in Russia but both parents hold different citizenship, the child gets the citizenship of the parents.
Yet, due to the complexity of the question, every situation might require different action. So to avoid confusion and hassle, it’s better to consult experienced lawyers and
Yes, notwithstanding the territory of a child’s birth, he or she can obtain a Russian citizenship if:
Children can also qualify to obtain Russian citizenship through a simplified procedure if:
In the above cases, applications should be submitted to Russia’s diplomatic and consulate offices abroad.
! Please note that every particular situation should be reviewed by professional lawyers who have experience in dealing with migration issues and are up-to-date about recent legal changes. Prior to hiring such specialists, make sure you get familiar with his/her previous practice and are certain that their expertise is relevant for your situation - this will help to avoid wasting your time and money.
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